Dien Bien is a remote region in Northwestern Vietnam. It is surrounded by Lai Chau and Son La territories of Vietnam toward the east and south, Pu'er City, Yunnan, China, toward the north, and Phongsaly Province in Laos toward the west. Dien Bien is a new territory which was made by partitioning the previous Lai Chau Province in mid-2004, both themselves were once part of the Lan Xang kingdom, at that point changed proprietorship to Vietnam amid the French Colonial time frame. Dien Bien incorporates all the land toward the south of the Da River (Black River), and Lai Chau Province incorporates all the land toward the north of the Da River.
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Attaching with the historic victory of Dien Bien Phu campaign is a wide range of vestiges which are well preserved until present. Each of the vestiges reminds Vietnamese people as well as the international public of a fierce but proud battlefield during resistance war against French invaders. Among those heroic vestiges, the underground hideout of French General De Castries should be the most eloquent evidence of the bravery of Vietnamese troops, who found incessantly for 54 days and nights to seize it. Hill A1, located in Muong Thanh Ward, plays a critic part in controlling the whole battle of Dien Bien Phu campaign. Another indispensible vestige to mention is the command post of Vietnamese soldiers hidden inside the forest of Muong Phang commune. Besides, Muong Thanh Airfield, Doc Lap Hill, Him Lam Hill, Dien Bien Phu Victorious Statue and Dien Bien Phu Victory Museum are recommended to visit. If ones go to Dien Bien from Hanoi, Pha Din Pass is promised to be met on your way. It is called as “Frontier of Heaven and Earth”. Dien Bien is not lack of natural wonders, among which Pa Thom Cave and Pa Khoang Lake the most stunning ones are, each of the sites is named according to the commune it is located. The 21 ethnic groups in Dien Bien also contribute greatly to the advancement of the province’s tourism. They have maintained many unique traditions, festivals, and cuisines, adding to the dynamic cultural life of this Northern Province.